Traceability currently has no standard and lack of transparency

TRACEABILITY
Traceability currently has no standard and lack of transparency

01/08/2019

VOV.VN – The current traceability is mainly developed and implemented by enterprises without the management of appropriate authorities.

Today, the traceability of agricultural products is based on two leading technologies are QR codes and codes, barcodes.

Especially, QR codes have been developed by many provinces to implement traceability for agricultural products such as Ho Chi Minh City, Hanoi and other provinces across the country.

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QR codes have been widely used in recent years to trace goods origin. (Artwork: KT).

There are many enterprises specialize in researching and developing traceability solutions such as Smartlife, VNPT check, Vinacheck, Agricheck, Traceverified, icheck; blockchain technology solutions (IBL, TomoChain, Lina Network …. and some pilot projects of applying Blockchain technology in traceability for mango, dragon fruit …

Customers can easily access basic information about products and businesses such as product description, [lace and date of packaging, place of planting, certification, distributor’s contact address. However, the traceability information has a lack of accuracy, transparency, and follows no standard.

According to Mr. Pham Duy Khanh, Institute of Policy and Strategy for Agriculture and Rural Development, there is currently no regulation on the information to be retrieved (width) and requirements for traceability information, to create criteria for traceability.

“Besides, the information is mainly provided by direct distributors, there is no information about the suppliers in the upstream of the supply chain, leading to the transparency of the information that is not guaranteed,” Mr. Khanh said.

“We can access the information of the production factors or regions, but the data is based on the internal recorded system, not on a real-time tracking system. Therefore, the accuracy of the information is also lack of authenticity, ”  Mr. Khanh said.

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Traceability information is mainly provided by businesses or suppliers themselves without the supervision of regulatory authorities. (Artwork: KT).
 

“Also, the current regulation of traceability fundamentally monitors food safety, therefore, the traceability information about the quality, origin of the products is limited. There is no regulation that state management agencies have access to the central database to manage and inspect, ” Mr. Khanh said.

Each enterprise has a different database, thus, making synchronization difficult to implement while the appreciate authorities have released no standards, regulations on traceability, as well as, no system certification and verification.

Ms. Nguyen Thi Kim Ngan, Director of the Center of Sustainable Rural Development (SRD), said that very few agricultural supply chains had been built and operated professionally, lack cooperation between stakeholders and they only focus on their profit. Consequently, the producers take less advantage than other stakeholders in the supply chain. Government policies have lack support and supervision, so agricultural products do not meet the required quality, especially with chemical residues.

“Domestic consumers don’t trust Vietnamese agricultural products and are willing to pay high prices for imported agricultural products. Exporting agricultural products has not been diversified; the export markets are limited in just one or two countries. We have opportunities to penetrate valuable markets, but they require strict control in production, storage, and processing,… ”, Ms. Ngan said.

According to Prof. Tran Dinh Long, Chairman of the Plant Seed Association, in order to get export turnover of US $ 40 billion of agricultural exports in 2018, it is necessary to standardize traceability information with details to each agribusiness, to synchronize the database, increase cooperation among stakeholders, increase transparency and enhance the control of government.

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Prof. Tran Dinh Long, Chairman of the Plant Seed Association

“Develop regulations on traceability certification system standards to identify products, establish agribusiness identification system, apply administrative codes to identify production areas. Especially enhancing the role of government agencies in the inspection and supervision of traceability,” Prof. Tran Dinh Long emphasized.

GS-VS Tran Dinh Long suggested that one of the solutions to help transparency of information mentioned recently is the application of blockchain technology, in order to enhance the role and bargaining power of farmers in the chain through the business models of cooperatives and cooperatives. In parallel with building a national traceability system for each strategic export product group.

Credential: VOV

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